Questions to Think About:
– What are the political, economic and cultural factors that underlie our immigration system?
– What are the larger political/economic processes that shape how undocumented students navigate the educational system?
– How does being undocumented influence how students navigate the educational system in New York City public schools?
– What role can educators play in making schools safer places for undocumented students and families?
Understanding the Context of New York City: An Immigration, Education and Policy Fact Sheet
Immigrants represented 36.4 percent of the City’s population in 2008 (twice the 1970 share) and 43 percent of the workforce (Office of the State Comptroller, 2010).
The neighborhoods with the highest concentration of immigrants include Elmhurst/Corona, Jackson Heights, Sunnyside/Woodside, and East Flatbush.
According to the New York Immigration Coalition, 40 to 60,000 undocumented youth are now enrolled in school or are high school graduates.
Approximately 4,500 undocumented youth graduate from New York high schools every year (NYSYLC, 2012). Only 5-10% of these students pursue a college education.
An estimated 146,000 youth in New York who have been educated in New York public schools are currently ineligible to receive financial aid under federal and state law (NYSYLC, 2012).
There are 110,000 total potential deferred action beneficiaries in New York State.
From October 2005 through December 2010, ICE apprehended over 34,000 New Yorkers. (Families for Freedom, 2012).
From 2008 to 2010, ICE averaged 7,417 apprehensions per year, nearly a 60% increase since 2006, the first full year covered by the data.
New York Office of the State Comptroller. (2010). The Role of Immigrants in the New York City Economy. Retrieved from http://www.osc.state.ny.us/osdc/rpt17-2010.pdf
NYU School of Law Immigrant Rights Clinic, Immigrant Defense Project, and Families for Freedom. (2012). Insecure Communities, Devastated Families: New Data on Immigrant Detention and Deportation Practices in New York City. Retrieved from http://familiesforfreedom.org/sites/default/files/resources/NYC%20FOIA%20Report%202012%20FINAL%20Aug.pdf
“Hundreds of Undocumented Students Visit Legislators and Rally in Albany.” New York State Youth Leadership Council. March 5, 2012. http://www.nysylc.org/2012/03/hundreds-of-undocumented-students-visit-legislators-and-rally-in-albany/
Immigration Policy Center. http://www.immigrationpolicy.org/
New York Immigration Coalition. http://www.thenyic.org/